The term schizophrenia was introduced into psychiatry by the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler. Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder which affects the person’s way of thinking, feeling and the way a person acts or behaves. Worldwide, schizophrenia is associated with considerable disability. It is among the most disabling and economically catastrophic medical disorders and it is ranked by the World Health Organization as one of the top ten illnesses contributing to the global burden of disease. Schizophrenia affects more than 21 million people worldwide but is not as common as many other mental disorders. It is more common among males (12 million), than females (9 million). People with schizophrenia are 2-2.5 times more likely to die early than the general population. Schizophrenia also commonly starts earlier among men. Slightly more men are diagnosed with schizophrenia than women (on the order of 1.4:1) and women tend to be diagnosed later in life than men. Modal age of onset is between 18 and 25 for men and between 25 and 35 for women. A patient suffering from schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what